HA LONG BAY
Ha Long Bay is situated in the north of vietnam . Unesco : Worl Heritage Inscription 1999 : Ha Long Bay, in the gulf of Tonkin, includes somme 1 600 islands and islets, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. Because of their precipitous nature, most of the islands are uninhabited and unaffected by a human presence. The site's outstanding scenic beauty is complemented by its great biological interest.
Cliffs limestones (Karst) a number of islands
Hot climate at dry winter
|Local economy :|
Maritime transport - Tourism - Fishing - fish breeding - Agriculture
Annual average : 22, 5° C
Thermal amplitude : between 12° C and 32° C
Population (inhab.) : 200 000
Density (inhab/km2) : 300
Annual : 2500 mm
Distribution : Rains of monsoon of summer
|Human Development Index: |
Vietnam : 0, 688
|Biogeographic classification:||Ecological Footprint:|
Criterion III : "There is a diverse flora throughout Ha Long, and primary tropical forest is found, mostly on the islands of Ba Mun and Cat Ba..." "results from preliminery surveys indicate the presence of about 1 000 fish species. Mammals, reptiles and birds are found on the islands, especially the earth type".
"Numerous archaeological sites have been found and at Giap Khau (Hon Gai) there is evidence to suggest occupation by the Hoa Binh Culture, some 10 000 years ago present..." "During prehistoric times, Ha Long was a significant port, located on the trade routes between China, Japan, and other countries in South East Asia.
The Ministry of Culture, Information and Sports.
Criteria retained by the club:
BN 1 : geological process (islands and grottos) ; BC 5 : Traditional occupations.