BOKA KOTORSKA

42° N, 19° E - Adriatic Sea


Bouches de Kotor is situated on the east side of Adriatic sea. UNESCO : World Heritage inscription 1999 : "In the Middle Ages, this natural harbour on the Adriatic coast in Montenegro was an important artistic and commercial centre with its own famous schools of masonry and iconography.

A large number of the monuments (including four Romanesque churches and the town walls) were seriously damaged by the 1979 earthquake but the town has been restored, largely with UNESCO's help".


Natural environment
Human environment
Coastline:
High and intented coasts
Language:
Montenegrin, Serbian, Croatian
Climate:
Mediterranean (dry summer)
Local economy :
Tourism - Agriculture – Fishing -Sailing
Temperatures:
Annual average : 16° C Thermal average : between 7,3° C and 26,1° C
Demography:
Population (inhab.) : 71 443
Density (inhab/km2): 108
Precipitations:
Annual : 885 mm
Distribution : all seasons - maximum of autumn
Human Development Index:
Montenegro : Unkowed
Biogeographic classification:
Mediterranean forests, woodlands and scrub (Palaeartic west)
Ecological Footprint:
Montenegro : 2,14

Natural heritage:
Mediterranean fjordMediterranean fjord. Boka Kotorska is a unique bay of the Mediterranean. It is an exceptional cultural landscape created through harmonious symbiosis of natural phenomena and built heritage. Various morphological, geological and hydrological phenomena contributed to turning this area into an exceptional creation of nature of high quality, unique not only on the Mediterranean but also, with its entirety and anthropogenic component, in the world. The Bay is surrounded by steep limestone mountains of the Dinaric Alps, reaching its highest elevation of 1895 m (Mt Orjen) and the greatest depth in the Bay (52 m), which makes this area one of the rare holokarst areas in the worlds, with particularly expressed karst morphology and hydrology.


Cultural heritage:
The towns and bigger and smaller settlements lining the coast of the Bay represent diverse and distinctive ensembles. Although each settlement has its own urban and cultural characteristics, it achieves the unity and continuity of cultural heritage of the whole area. Sacral architecture of the settlements developed through blending of different, especially Romanesque and Baroque styles, while profane architecture created different forms of houses, through mixture of vernacular architecture and influences of the Mediterranean, the West and the East. Due to its exceptional universal cultural and natural values one part of the Bay of Boka Kotorske, i.e. the area of Kotor, which includes two smaller bays of Kotor and Risan, has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List since 1979.


Coastal management:
Provided by Morsko Dobro

Criteria retained by the club:
BN 1 : Geological process ; BN 3 : Aesthetic importance



 

http://www.discover-montenegro.com/Boka-Kotorska.htm



 
 
 

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