50° N, 62° W - North Atlantic Océan - Labrador

The Bay of Chaleur is located at the west of the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. It is a submerged valley of the Restigouche river, surrounded by the chain of the Appalachian Mountains, which separates New Brunswick from the peninsula of Gaspé, in the province of Quebec.

The bay, 170 km long, was discovered in July 1534 by the French explorer Jacques Cartier; it widens gradually towards the East where it reaches 40 km broad.

Natural environment
Human environment
Old submerged glaciated valley (fjord)

French, English

Climate at very cold, very long and wet winter

Local economy :
Tourism, craft industry, fishing

Annual average : 3,5 °C
Thermal amplitude : from -13°C to 20°C

Population (inhab.) : 500
Density (inhab/km2) : 50

Annual : 800 mm
Distribution : All the year

Human Development Index:

Biogeographic classification:
Forêts tempérées de feuillus et conifères (Néartic)

Ecological Footprint:

Natural heritage:
The site paleonthologic of the national park of Miguasha, in the south-east of Quebec, on the southern coast of the peninsula of Gaspé, is regarded as the best world illustration of the period dévonienne known like "the age of fish. It goes up to 370 million years.

Cultural heritage:
Indian culture pluri-millénnaire, prehistoric fossils

Coastal management:
Program ZIP Baie of Chaleur

Criteria retained by the club:
BN 5 : Natural entity ; BC 3 :Testimony on a civilization (Indians)


Ressources EN

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